The Church of England has formally adopted legislation which means its first female bishops could be ordained next year. The first women priests were ordained in 1994 but have not taken on the Church's most senior roles.
This historic result comes after years of campaigning. Monday's vote in Westminster is the final seal of approval. The amendment was passed with a show of hands.
A rift remains between Anglicans who feel women in higher roles within the church is consistent with their faith and traditionalists who disagree. A prior move to allow women to stand as bishops was defeated in 2012.
Speaking before the vote, BBC Religious Affairs Correspondent Caroline Wyatt said it was "a mainly symbolic stage in this long process but it's clearly an immensely historic and really significant one".
Gloucester, Oxford and Newcastle number among the dioceses where new bishops will soon be appointed.