Arizona Immigration Law: Backers Are Hopeful After Court Hearing

Although Judge Susan Bolton made no ruling after a 90-minute hearing in which Justice Department attorneys argued that the law interferes with federal powers, some of her remarks led backers and opponents of the law to draw their own conclusions. "I’m optimistically hopeful that if not all, almost all of this law is going to survive,” says state Rep. John Kavanagh, a Republican who helped sponsor the legislation that has sparked criticism and several economic boycotts. Phoenix attorney Antonio Bustamante told demonstrators gathered outside, amid a heavy police presence, that it seemed as if the judge might let stand a portion of the law that requires local and state authorities to determine whether a person is in the country illegally. “That’s the most egregious,” he says. The Justice Department was the third argued before the judge concerning Arizona's law. It is one of seven suits filed by individuals and civil rights groups, including the American Civil Liberties Union. Critics contend the law is unconstitutional and will lead to racial profiling. In arguing for an injunction to halt the law from taking effect, Deputy Solicitor General Edwin Kneedler said the Constitution gives the federal government exclusive authority to enforce immigration law. Arizona’s new law would create a burden for federal enforcement and raise serious concerns with respect to human rights and foreign policy, he said. He called the state law “an unprecedented package of enforcement measure … in explicit disagreement with the federal government. ”The state’s attorney, John Bouma, argued that the new statute is consistent with federal law and deals with immigration matters affecting Arizona that the federal government neglects. He noted that even President Obama acknowledges the system is broken. Granting an injunction to block enforcement of the law would harm Arizona, Mr. Bouma said, and is not in the public interest. Throughout the hearing, Judge Bolton fired a flurry of questions and c