LIVE UPDATES From CarbonatedTV's Desk: Feb 1st, 2011 2350: GMT
- Egyptians call on Israel to oppose Mubarak, say if support continues for leader, 'we will start to hate Israel more'
LIVE UPDATES From CarbonatedTV's Desk: Feb 1st, 2011 2230: GMT
- Clashes between anti-Govt and pro-Mubarak protesters in Alexandria
LIVE UPDATES From CarbonatedTV's Desk: Feb 1st, 2011 2220: GMT
Hosni Mubarak Speech Summary
Hosni Mubarak, the Egyptian president, has announced in a televised address that he will not run for re-election but refused to step down from office - the central demand of millions of protesters who have demonstrated across Egypt over the past week.
He seemed largely unfazed by the protests during his recorded address, which aired at 11pm local time on Tuesday.
Mubarak mentioned them at the beginning of his speech, and said that "the young people" have the right to peaceful demonstrations. But his tone quickly turned accusatory, saying the protesters had been "taken advantage of" by people trying to "undermine the government".
Until now, officials had indicated Mubarak, 82, was likely to run for a sixth six-year term of office.
"I never intended to run for re-election," Mubarak went on to say. "I will use the remaining months of my term in office to fill the peoples' demands."
That would leave Mubarak in charge of overseeing a transitional government until the next presidential election, currently scheduled for September. He promised reforms to the constitution, particularly article 76, which makes it virtually impossible for independent candidates to run for office. And he said his government would focus on improving the economy and providing jobs.
"My new government will be responsive to the needs of young people," he said. "It will fulfil those legitimate demands and help the return of stability and security."
Mubarak also made a point of saying that he would "die in this land" - a message to protesters that he did not plan to flee into exile like recently deposed Tunisian president, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.
His announcement follows a week of protests, in which millions of people have taken to the streets in Cairo and elsewhere.
But it will not carry much weight with protesters: they resumed their "Leave, Mubarak!" chant shortly after his speech, and added a few new slogans, like "we won't leave tomorrow, we won't leave Thursday ..."
Indeed, none of the protesters interviewed earlier today said they would accept Mubarak finishing his term in office.
"He needs to leave now," Hassan Moussa said in Tahrir Square hours before Mubarak's announcement.
"We won't accept him leaving in September, or handing power to [newly installed vice-president] Omar Suleiman. He needs to leave now."
Mubarak's announcement comes after pressure from the US, which urged him not to seek re-election. Frank Wisner, a former ambassador to Egypt, met Mubarak on Monday and reportedly told him not to extend his time in office.
LIVE UPDATES From CarbonatedTV's Desk: Feb 1st, 2011 2155: GMT
- Protesters in Tahrir Square prepared to stay over night.
LIVE UPDATES From CarbonatedTV's Desk: Feb 1st, 2011 2145: GMT
- "Let us change the system" protester in regards to Mubarak's speech
LIVE UPDATES From CarbonatedTV's Desk: Feb 1st, 2011 2140: GMT
Egyptians React to Mubarak's speech:
- Mubarak has refused all our demands
- Hosni Muabrak can not be trusted at all. He must leave now!
- go away, go away, revolution until death
LIVE UPDATES From CarbonatedTV's Desk: Feb 1st, 2011 2125: GMT
Peaceful demonstrations turned in violent acts - fueled by political opponents
- I have asked my govt. to listen to the demands of the people
- Political forces inflexible refusing to come to the table
- I am an army man, it is not in me to betray the country
- I do not intend to stand again for President
- I am determined to ensure peace in Egypt
- In my remaining months as President I will work for a peaceful transition of power
- I will ask the parliament to change the constitution; Restrict the tenure of President
- I call upon all arms the govt. to function and do their duties
- Hosni Mubarak is speaking today... is proud of all the year he has served this country
LIVE UPDATES From CarbonatedTV's Desk: Feb 1st, 2011 2120: GMT
- Cairo Tahrir Square and Alexandria crowds chant leave leave Mubarak
LIVE UPDATES From CarbonatedTV's Desk: Feb 1st, 2011 2115: GMT
- Mubarak says he will die on the soil of Egypt
LIVE UPDATES From CarbonatedTV's Desk: Feb 1st, 2011 2110: GMT
- Mubarak announces he is not going to run for the presidency in the coming elections but will stay on till that time.
LIVE UPDATES From CarbonatedTV's Desk: Feb 1st, 2011 2100: GMT
- Mubarak Begins Speech To Nation
LIVE UPDATES From CarbonatedTV's Desk: Feb 1st, 2011 2000: GMT
- Obama Urges Mubarak Not to Run for Another Term in the Fall Elections
LIVE UPDATES From CarbonatedTV's Desk: Feb 1st, 2011 1900: GMT
- Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak to give speech on Tuesday, vice president has started meetings with other parties
- Military Police put barbed wire around Mubarak’s residence.
- Tahrir Square full of people 9:00 p.m. local Cairo time.
- P.M. Suleiman to speak soon also.
LIVE UPDATES From CarbonatedTV's Desk: Feb 1st, 2011 1700: GMT
- Tharir Square resonates with chants of 'Hey hey Hosni, Leave tonight'
- The President of Egypt should step down, he has no legitimacy
LIVE UPDATES From CarbonatedTV's Desk: Feb 1st, 2011 1200: GMT
- Protesters calling on Egyptian Army to decide 'whose side they are on'
- AJE reports that 'the crowds have reached One Million' in Egypt
- People gathering and chanting in Tharir Square in Egypt
LIVE UPDATES From CarbonatedTV's Desk: Feb 1st, 2011 1100: GMT
- Egyptian Army: 'Your armored forces did NOT and WILL NOT resort to using force against its great people'
- Turkish PM to Hosni Mubarak: 'We are all mortals, Mr. President'
- Blocked roads, protesters unlikely to get within 6 Kilometers of the Presidential Palace
- Crowds gather at Tharir Square to begin a historic One Million March towards the Presidential Palace in Egypt
- Crowds gather to begin a historic One Million March towards the Presidential Palace in Egypt
- Zuhur prayers all around Egypt as the country gears itself for a massive protest; The One Million March
LIVE UPDATES From CarbonatedTV's Desk: Feb 1st, 2011 0900: GMT
- Authorities have blocked all the roads to #Cairo as protesters try and gather One Million Egyptians for a mega protest in Egypt
- Situation in Cairo is calm
- We will all die for this... The Egyptian President has lost his credibility
- The energy level is very high, and people are highly optimistic: AJE Correspondents
LIVE UPDATES From CarbonatedTV'sDesk: Feb 1st, 2011 0800: GMT
- Thousands gathering in Tharir Square as the Million March continues in Egypt
- Egyptians are gathering at Tharir Square in Cairo for a One Million March towards the Presidential Palace to oust President Hosini Mubarak
- Back off... We want Mubarak to Stay' - Haaretz Newspaper,
LIVE UPDATES From CarbonatedTV'sDesk: Feb 1st, 2011 0700: GMT
- The demonstrators themselves have faith that military would not fire on them
- US calls for 'orderly transition of Egypt'
- Egyptian Army on hand but will NOT fire on its people
- Crude oil jumps over $100 due to the unrest in Egypt
- Egypt army will NOT fire on its own people
- Last telecommunication service provider of Egypt is now offline.
- God willing, we'll be out on the streets... until Mubarak leaves
- Egypt prepares for One Million Man March
(Voice of America)
Thousands of people gathered in central Cairo Tuesday, where protesters have called for a million-strong march to press their demand that Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak cede power.
Military forces remained stationed throughout the capital, but were not interfering with those gathering for the rally. The military announced earlier it recognizes the "legitimate demands" of the Egyptian people, and pledged not to fire on protesters.
A second massive protest is planned Tuesday in the northern port city of Alexandria.
National train services were cancelled for a second day, continuing what some consider an attempt by authorities to prevent rural residents from joining the urban protests.
An unprecedented Internet cutoff remained in place Tuesday, as Google announced it has created a way for Twitter users to post to the micro-blogging site by dialing a phone number and leaving a voicemail.
Egypt's newly appointed vice president said Mr. Mubarak has asked him to begin immediate discussions with all "political forces" on constitutional and legislative reforms. Omar Suleiman, a longtime confidant of Mr. Mubarak, did not say what the changes will entail or which groups the government will contact.
The Wall Street Journal newspaper reported that opposition parties say they will not negotiate as long as Mr. Mubarak remains in office.
A crisis committee from Egypt's newly formed opposition coalition met Monday to discuss their strategy in anticipation of Mr. Mubarak's ouster.
The gathering issued a call for Tuesday's escalated protests but did not reach a final agreement on a list of demands.
On Sunday, Egypt's powerful Muslim Brotherhood and the secular opposition said they had chosen prominent democracy advocate Mohamed ElBaradei to represent their side in possible negotiations with the army over Mr. Mubarak's departure.
The military's announcement, delivered on state television without elaboration, did not specify whether it considers legitimate the demands for Mr. Mubarak's removal or merely calls for reform.
Egypt's president named a new interior minister and finance minister Monday, in an apparent attempt to quell angry protesters. The foreign minister and long-serving defense minister kept their posts in the Cabinet reshuffle.
Retired General Mahmoud Wagdy will replace the widely reviled Habib Adly as the interior minister, overseeing the police and plainclothed domestic security forces. Many Egyptians have been calling for his firing after deadly clashes last week between police and demonstrators.
Police were back on the streets Monday, but security sources say they have orders to stick to regular work without confronting demonstrators.
More than 125 people have died during protest violence in the past week.
Looting that erupted over the past two days eased in Cairo. Egypt's army is continuing its increased presence, with tanks guarding banks and government buildings.
The military's central command has been meeting frequently during the past week to review intelligence on the political situation as well as what many see as a growing economic crisis from the continued unrest. Banks and the stock market are scheduled to remain closed for a second day Tuesday.
Israel, meanwhile, granted Egypt permission to move two battalions of soldiers into the Sinai Peninsula, which has been largely demilitarized since the two countries signed a peace treaty in 1979. The area is populated by Bedouin tribes that have posed a challenge to Egyptian authorities for years.
Organisers say they hope one million will come onto the streets in what is expected to be the biggest show yet. A rally is also planned in Alexandria.
Egypt's powerful army has vowed it will not use force against the protesters.
Meanwhile, new Vice President Omar Suleiman says he will hold cross-party talks on constitutional reform.
Mr Mubarak reshuffled his cabinet on Monday to try to head off the protests, replacing the widely despised Interior Minister Habib al-Adly.
But correspondents say that the army's statement has been a major blow for President Mubarak, and appears to have encouraged protesters.
The feeling that change is coming in Egypt is getting stronger, says the BBC's Middle East editor Jeremy Bowen in Cairo. Too much has happened too quickly to go back to the way things were before, he says.
At least 100 people have been killed across the country since protests began a week ago following an internet campaign and partly inspired by the ousting of President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali in Tunisia last month.
Egypt has since cut off internet in the country and text messaging services have been disrupted.
Google announced late on Monday that it was operating a special service to allow people in Egypt to send Twitter messages by dialling a phone number and leaving a voicemail.
Some protesters defied the curfew and continued to camp out in Tahrir Square through the night, saying they would stay there until Mr Mubarak's 30-year-long rule ends.
One demonstrator, Tarek Shalabi, told the BBC that groups were camped out in tents or sleeping out in the square, and described the atmosphere as "overwhelming".
"We're here because we want to make a statement. We're not going until Mubarak steps down," he said.
He said a stage had been set up where people could go up and make speeches, read out poetry or sing or chant political slogans. "It has a festive feel to it," said Mr Shalabi.
"We all have one thing in common. We all hate the current regime," he said.
Another demonstrator, 45-year-old lawyer Ahmed Helmi, said: "The only thing we will accept from him is that he gets on a plane and leaves".
On Monday, the Egyptian army said it respected the "legitimate rights of the people".
In its statement, carried on Egyptian media, the military said: "To the great people of Egypt, your armed forces, acknowledging the legitimate rights of the people... have not and will not use force against the Egyptian people."
Our correspondent says the announcement is absolutely critical because it takes away a huge measure of uncertainty from the mind of any potential demonstrator.
Whatever happens next, this will change the Middle East, our correspondent adds.
In his statement, Mr Suleiman said the president had ordered new government policy to be outlined "in the next few days".
The review would include "clear and definite policies" to tackle unemployment, poverty, corruption and the cost of living, the statement said.
There would also be new elections in some districts where there was evidence of irregularities in last November's parliamentary poll.
Meanwhile, the US state department has despatched a special envoy to Cairo, former ambassador to Egypt Frank Wisner.
Concerns have also grown about the economy, as global oil prices on Monday topped $100 (£62) a barrel amid fears of the ongoing unrest.