Muslims celebrate two Eids every year:
- Eid-ul-Fitr (celebrated for three days after a month of fasting in Ramadan)
- Eid-ul-Adha (celebrated for three days every year after the annual Holy Pilgrimage to Mecca for Muslims who can afford it).
In the Islamic lunar calendar, Eid al-Adha falls on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah when the Muslims offer the pilgrimage of Hajj and lasts for three days. In the Gregorian calendar, the dates vary approximately 11 days earlier each year.
Animals are sacrificed and the meat is divided into three parts: among the family; relatives, friends and neighbors; and the poor and needy.
Every year, just before Eid al-Adha, Muslims purchase animals (sheep, cow, camel or goat) to sacrifice.
The sacrifice is described in the Quran (the holy book of the Muslims) as:
“To every people did We appoint rites (of sacrifice) that they might celebrate the name of Allah over the sustenance He gave them from animals (fit for food). But your God is One God: Submit then your wills to Him (In Islam): and give thou the good news to those who humble themselves.”