Nine subspecies of giraffes roam the African continent, and although the animal is not yet considered endangered as a whole, some of its less common subspecies have dwindled critically since the past three decades.
Today, the population of giraffes is less than 80,000, according to the African Wildlife Foundation — a drastic reduction from 140,000 in the 1990s. What’s more, three of the nine subspecies have populations lower than 1,000 animals each.
Poaching is especially problematic in regions in and surrounding central Africa like the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania and Kenya.
Garamba National Park in the Democratic Republic of the Congo has been hit by a wave of poachers in the last few years. Its rhinoceros population has been decimated and the number of elephants has diminished drastically in the country. Its only remaining giraffes total less than 40 in number, according to National Geographic’s David Hamlin.
One of the 8 #Kordofan #giraffe that were recently fitted with Satelite tracking harnesses in #Garamba, wakes up with a new accessory. These harnesses will help the management team better understand their movements and core home ranges, and as a result be more effective in protecting them. Garamba is home to the last giraffe population in #DRC, with only around 40 individuals still surviving. They are on a knife edge, and everything is being done to ensure that their numbers start to climb again. #conservation #africanparks #giraffe #drc #rdc #weneednature ?? Fiston Nzia
Giraffe tails are considered highly valuable in many African cultures. They are used in good luck charms, fly whisks and threads for sewing or stringing beads. According to Leon Lamprecht, joint operations director for African Parks, men “use the tail as a dowry to the bride’s father if they want to ask for the hand of a bride.” In DRC, Kordofan giraffe tails are considered a status symbol; however, South Sudanese hunt animals for meat to feed hungry villages.
Tanzania’s national symbol is the giraffe, which is ironic since the country also happens to be the poaching hub for the animal. In 2004, herbal medicinal practitioners in the country started touting beliefs that giraffe’s brains and bone marrow had remedial powers which could prolong the lives of people with HIV/AIDS. The practice that drives poaching to this day has also made the price of the animal’s meat go up.
A report by Rothschild’s Giraffe Project revealed that freshly killed giraffe’s heads and bones can fetch a price of $140.
Now, thanks to rampant poaching, less than 2,000 giraffes roam the African savannahs, according to Julian Fennessy, co-director of the Giraffe Conservation Foundation in Namibia. The 80 Kordofan giraffes in Garamba consist of the last numbers of the subspecies in Congo.
“If the number slips in half, then we’re in a real dire situation,” Fennessy said. “Every single giraffe is valuable.”