Islamic Militants Suspected In Russia Airport Bombing


As Russian authorities sift through the wreckage of the Moscow airport attack, the world's attention will be drawn to the Muslim separatists who experts suspect carried out the Monday bombing.

Known as Imarat Kavkaz, or the Caucasus Emirate, the group was formed in 2007 with the goal of bringing Islamic law to the North Caucasus, a region of Russia that includes Chechnya, an Islamic-majority province that has been in some form of rebellion against Moscow since the 19th century.

No one had claimed responsibility for Monday's attack at Moscow's busiest airport, but analysts in Washington said all signs pointed to the hand of the Caucasus Emirate.

The attack was carried out by a suicide bomber carrying a suitcase into the reception area of Domodedovo Airport, where taxi drivers and relatives wait for air travelers to arrive.

The explosion sprayed the area with shrapnel, screws and ball bearings, according to the Associated Press. By the afternoon, the area was engulfed in smoke, and at least 35 people were killed and 170 injured.Russian President Dmitry Medvedev called it a ""terrorist attack,"" but he did not point the finger at the Caucasus Emirate. However, he said his government was initiating a review of the lax security that allowed the attack to succeed.

If the bombing is the work of the Caucasus Emirate, it shows how the Islamic insurgency in those states has not been defeated, despite the early predictions that it was squashed after Russia's secret police killed Shamil Basayev, a Chechen separatist leader, in a 2006 bomb attack."