NEW YORK -- Jerome Rubin, who helped bring to market the commercial online research database today known as LexisNexis and the display technology behind millions of Amazon Kindles and other e-readers, has died in New York. He was 86.
Rubin died of a stroke at New York-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center in Manhattan on Monday, said his children.
Rubin was trained as a physicist and attorney, but in the 1970s was hired by an Ohio-based company to make commercially viable what was then a novel product - a computer "search and retrieval system" or database of state case law.
Rubin helped lead the launch of the database in 1973, initially built to run on customized terminals. It was joined a few years later by Nexis, focused on news, including wire service and newspaper articles.
Bob Bennett, 74, of Utah, who worked with Rubin during the development of LexisNexis, said the system was initially designed by lawyers for lawyers.
"We were building something new. It didn't exist," he said. "It was the first that was on any large scale and successful. There were some things that existed. They were very small."
Rubin later worked as an executive at the Times Mirror Co., in a specialized publishing division, before retiring in the early 1990s and joining the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Media Laboratory, where he led a consortium called "News in the Future." It was out of this work that he helped found e-Ink Corp., devoted to developing electronic paper for publishing.
In an interview published in Harvard Magazine in 2000, he talked about having an electronic newspaper, "one broadsheet, the size of the New York Times" on the breakfast table.
"It would look like an ordinary sheet of paper," he said. "You'll turn a little switch at one corner of it as you begin to pour your orange juice and, within a second or two, the front page of the Times - or the Harvard Crimson or whatever you want - will pop up. They are all delivered wireless."
"He could see much further in the distance than pretty much anybody," said Linda Gras, who was his assistant from 1984 to 1992, in a phone interview Wednesday.
Rubin was born March 9, 1925, and lived in Manhattan. He is survived by his children, Richard Rubin, 48, and Alicia Yamin, 46. His wife, Ida Ely Rubin, preceded him in death.