A New York commuter train that derailed on Sunday morning, killing four people, was traveling nearly three times faster than the speed limit for the curved section of track where it crashed, officials said on Monday.
The seven-car Metro-North train's brakes were working properly but were applied just seconds before it derailed, investigators said. They said black-box recorders recovered from the train showed it had been traveling at 82 miles per hour before entering the 30-mile-per-hour (48-kph) curve.
The recorders showed the train's brakes were applied "very late in the game," National Transportation Safety Board member Earl Weener told reporters.
He said that the NTSB was investigating driver error as a possible cause of the crash, but had not yet ruled out other possibilities. NTSB officials did not indicate how long their review would take.
Sunday's crash, in which 11 people were also critically injured, snarled travel on Monday for the roughly 26,000 people who normally ride Metro-North's Hudson line serving suburbs north of New York City.
It was the latest in a string of problems to affect the railroad, including a May derailment in Connecticut that injured more than 70 people.
The NTSB's Weener said the train was speeding even before it entered the curve as the posted speed limit on the straightaway is 70 miles per hour. A freight train derailed in the same place in July.
U.S. Senator Charles Schumer of New York said he had been stunned to learn how fast the Metro-North commuter train was going before the derailment.
"When I heard about the speed, I gulped," Schumer said at a press conference in Yonkers, New York, not far from the crash site. "It sort of takes your breath away, for a train to be going 82 miles per hour around that curve is just frightening. And the fact that it was going 82 miles per hour, even in the 70 mile per hour zone before the curve started raises so many questions."
The crash happened about 100 yards (meters) north of Metro North's Spuyten Duyvil station in the Bronx, an area where the Hudson and Harlem rivers meet. One car was toppled near the water.
NO BRAKE PROBLEMS
"We do know that two minutes before the curve the train was going at 60 miles per hour and had accelerated then up to 82 miles per hour prior to entering the curve," Weener said in an interview with CNN.
The train's throttle was reduced to idle six seconds before derailing and its brakes were activated five seconds before the accident, Weener said at the press conference.
"At this point we are not aware of any problems or anomalies with the brakes," Weener told reporters. Asked if the crash was the result of operator error, he replied, "At this point in time, we can't tell."
Anthony Bottalico, the general chairman of the driver's labor union, the Association of Commuter Rail Employees, identified the driver as William Rockefeller of Germantown, New York. Bottalico said Rockefeller has "never been disciplined on his job on the railroad."
Rockefeller, who is in the hospital, was scheduled to meet with NTSB officials on Wednesday, Bottalico said.
"He's very traumatized," Bottalico said. "He's devastated by the loss of life, by the injuries to the passengers and his fellow crew members, and he's extremely upset about all of it."
The driver was tested for drugs and alcohol after the crash, although the results of those tests have not yet been provided to the NTSB, Weener said. As part of standard investigative procedure, officials seized his cell phone.
Schumer said the engineer "has a good reputation."
Work crews on Monday used cranes and heavy equipment to lift the derailed cars back onto the tracks, a first step toward clearing the scene and returning the tracks to service. Some sections of track were twisted and broken.
New York City's deadliest subway train accident was blamed on speeding. On November 1, 1918, a Brooklyn Rapid Transit train derailed with a poorly trained young motorman in his first day on the job at the controls, killing 93 people, according to several histories of the event. Accounts of the train's speed vary, but the Brooklyn prosecutor at the time blamed the accident on excessive speed and disregarding signals.
Commuters on Monday bemoaned their slower trips but some also expressed gratitude at not having been on the derailed train on Sunday.
Santa DeFeis, a 50-year-old legal secretary of Tarrytown, New York, said she had to add 20 minutes to her commute to drive to another rail station on a line not affected by the accident.
"It's a big inconvenience," she said. "But it was a tragedy what happened. People lost their lives."