North Korea's Anti-Aircraft Gun Execution Might Not Be True

by
Reuters
Hyon Yong Chol reportedly fell asleep during an event attended by Kim Jong-un, enraging the mercurial leader.

The crazy report that North Korea executed its top defense official using anti-aircraft guns might not actually be true

Hyon Yong Chol, 66, was purged late last month for disobeying Kim Jong Un and falling asleep during a meeting at which North Korea's young leader was present, according to South Korean lawmakers briefed in a closed-door meeting with Seoul's National Intelligence Service on Wednesday.

However, analysts in South Korea have questioned the report since General Hyon was still being broadcast alongside North Korea's leader, Kim Jong Un.

"We've seen Hyon even yesterday on TV," South Korean lawmaker Shin Kyoung-min said Wednesday. "If North Korea really executed their No. 2 man in charge of defense, they would make sure he disappears on every single program. That's definitely their style."

Yet new evidence has emerged supporting reports that Hyon was indeed executed. 

According to the Wall Street Journal, a report by North Korean analysts contains a satellite image of an apparent execution similar to Hyon's alleged execution and at the same location. 

WSJ notes:

The image in the report from AllSource Analysis and the Committee for Human Rights in North Korea shows what the authors describe as a battery of six ZPU-4 antiaircraft weapons that each use a combination of four guns equivalent to U.S. .50-caliber heavy machine guns. They are directed at what the authors say appear to be a row of six people some 30 meters (about 100 feet) away.

The single image was taken in October last year of the Kanggon Military Training area, 14 miles north of Pyongyang, where the NIS says Mr. Hyon was recently executed. The authors note that there appears to be no plausible explanation for such heavy weaponry to be used at a small firing range other than for an execution.

His execution, the latest of a series of high-level purges since Kim took power in 2011, was watched by hundreds of people, the spy agency originally said.

It was not immediately clear how the NIS received the information and it is not possible to independently verify such reports from within secretive North Korea.

Hyon, last known to have spoken publicly at a security conference in Moscow in April, was said to have shown disrespect to Kim by dozing off at a military event, the Seoul lawmakers said, citing the agency briefing.

Hyon was believed to have voiced complaints against Kim Jong Un and had not followed his orders several times, according to the lawmakers. He was arrested late last month and executed three days later without legal proceedings, the NIS said.

The reported execution comes after South Korea's spy agency said late last month that Kim ordered the execution of 15 senior officials this year as punishment for challenging his authority.

In all, around 70 officials have been executed since Kim took over after his father's death, Yonhap news agency cited the NIS as saying.

"North Korean internal politics is very volatile these days. Internally, there does not seem to be any respect for Kim Jong Un within the core and middle levels of the North Korean leadership," said Michael Madden, an expert on the North Korean leadership and contributor to the 38 North think tank.

"There is no clear or present danger to Kim Jong Un's leadership or stability in North Korea, but if this continues to happen into next year, then we would seriously have to start looking at a contingency plan for the Korean peninsula".

The lawmakers said Hyon was executed at a firing range at the Kanggon Military Training Area, 22 km (14 miles) north of Pyongyang.

The U.S.-based Committee for Human Rights in North Korea said last month that, according to satellite images, the range was likely used for an execution by ZPU-4 anti-aircraft guns in October. The target was just 30 meters (100 feet) away from the weapons, which have a range of 8,000 meters, it said.

"The gut-wrenching viciousness of such an act would make 'cruel and unusual punishment' sound like a gross understatement," the group said on its web-site.

"Given reports of past executions this is tragic, but unfortunately plausible in the twisted world of Kim Jong Un's North Korea."

INSULAR, OPAQUE

North Korea is one of the most insular countries in the world and its ruling power structure is highly opaque. The current leader is the third generation of the Kim family that has ruled with near-absolute power since the country was established in 1948.

But the hierarchy around them has long been subject to infighting and factionalism which makes it impossible for outsiders to ascertain who makes decisions, and why.

In 2013, Kim purged and executed his uncle, Jang Song Thaek, once considered the second most powerful man in Pyongyang's leadership circle, for corruption and committing crimes damaging to the economy, along with a group of officials close to him.

Pyongyang's military leadership has been in a state of perpetual reshuffle since Kim Jong Un took power.

Kim, who is in his early thirties, has changed his armed forces chief four times since coming to power. His father Kim Jong Il, who ruled over the isolated nuclear-capable country for almost two decades, replaced his chief just three times.

Hyon, a little-known general, was promoted within the military at the same time as Kim Jong Un in 2010. He later became a vice marshal of the North Korean army in 2012.

The South Korean spy agency told lawmakers that Ma Won Chun, known as North Korea's chief architect of new infrastructure under Kim, was also purged.

Ma had also once served as vice director of the secretive Finance and Accounting Department in the ruling Workers' Party and, up until recently, was effectively the regime's money man.

He had been regularly photographed alongside Kim Jong Un in state propaganda images, but had not made any reported appearances since November last year.