Pakistan accused Indian troops of firing shells across the disputed border in Kashmir on Monday after last week's killing of Indian soldiers set off a wave of skirmishes between the two nuclear-armed rivals.
Tensions along the 740-km (445-mile) Line of Control that divides Kashmir flared on Aug. 6 when five Indian soldiers were ambushed and killed in the Poonch region. New Delhi blamed the attack on the Pakistan army. Islamabad denied involvement.
On Monday, a Pakistani army official said a civilian was killed as a result of "unprovoked Indian shelling" in the Battal, Chirikot and Satwal sectors.
"Pakistan troops effectively responded to Indian firing," the official said.
Indian officials were not immediately available for comment.
District administration officer Malik Ayub Awan said some of the family's cattle also died in the firing before 4 a.m. in a village about 500 metres (yards) from the LOC.
The two armies have been exchanging fire on the front line since Tuesday, straining a ceasefire agreement that has largely held on the border since November 2003.
Tit-for-tat shelling such as the latest incident are common along the Line of Control, but tensions have been high since the ambush, with India hinting at retaliation for one of the worst attacks since the neighbours signed a ceasefire in 2003.
Media have reported Pakistan might redeploy some of its troops from the Afghan border, where the army is fighting a separate Taliban-linked insurgency, to the eastern frontiers, but an army official said the option was not on the table.
India and Pakistan have been trying to restart stalled peace talks, possibly as early as this month, as well as a possible meeting between Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and his Pakistani counterpart, Nawaz Sharif, in New York in September.
India has deployed tens of thousands of soldiers in Kashmir to put down an armed revolt that began in 1989. In recent years, violence has ebbed, but there has been little movement on a political settlement.